• Skou White posted an update 10 months ago

    The importance of automation and robots in all manufacturing industries is growing. Industrial robots have replaced humans in the wide variety of industries. Robots beat humans in jobs that need precision, speed, endurance and reliability. Robots safely perform dirty and dangerous jobs. Traditional manufacturing robotic applications include material handling (pick and put), assembling, painting, welding, packaging, palletizing, product inspection and testing. Industrial robots are employed in a diverse variety of industries including automotive, electronics, medical, food production, biotech, pharmaceutical and machinery.

    The ISO concept of a manipulating industrial robot is "an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator". In accordance with the definition it could be fixed set up or mobile for usage in industrial automation applications. These industrial robots are programmable in a variety of axes. They are multi-functional devices which can be custom-built and set to perform various operations.

    The main benefits of industrial robots is that they could be programmed to suit industry specific requirements and may work continuously for a long time, consistently meeting high manufacturing quality standards. The cost-effective lifespan of your industrial robot is roughly 12-16 years. Because of their persistent accuracy industrial robots are getting to be a vital a part of manufacturing.

    Industrial robots are categorized into different categories based on their mechanical structure. The key categories of industrial robots are:

    Gantry (Cartesian) Robot: They are stationary robots having three aspects of motion. They work from an overhead grid with a rectangular work envelope. They are mainly accustomed to perform ‘pick and place’ actions. Gantry robots have all their axes higher than the work causing them to be also suitable for dispensing applications.

    SCARA Robots: (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) These robots have 4 axes of motion. They move within an x-y-z coordinated circular work envelope. They are utilized for factory automation requiring pick and put work, application and assembly operations and handling machine tools.

    Articulated robots: An articulated robot has rotary joints. It may have from two to 10 or even more interactive joints. Articulated robots are very well worthy of welding, painting and assembly.

    Basic industrial robot designs might be customized with the help of different peripherals. End effectors, optical systems, and motion controllers are essential add-ons. End effectors include the end-of-arm-tooling (EOAT) attached with robotic arms. Grippers or wrenches which might be utilized to move or assemble parts are instances of end effectors. End effectors were created and used to sense and interact with the external environment. The end effectors’ design depends on the applying requirements with the specific industry. Machine Vision systems are robotic optical systems. They are built-on digital input/output devices and computer networks utilized to control other manufacturing equipment such as robotic arms. Machine vision is used to the inspection of product which such as semiconductor chips. Motion controllers are widely-used to move robots and position stages smoothly and accurately with sub-micron repeatability.

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